Управление и политика

Расширенный поиск

Russia’s Sovereignty and Emergence of Pragmatic Polycentrism

Полный текст:


The article researches Russia’s concept of comprehensive sovereignty that is a cornerstone of the official state paradigm. Sovereignty is analyzed in its internal as well as external dimension, both synchronically and diachronically. The concept is interconnected with national security expanding into different realms. Sovereignty-based securitization tendencies are examined through methods of discursive analysis based upon constructivist assumptions. The present study puts emphasis on conceptual constructions and discursive practices significantly affecting individual perceptions, interpretation and Weltanschauung of political leadership as a whole, thereby shaping behavior, strategies and policies of individual actors concerned. The analysis reveals an affinity between concepts and discursive practices of the actors included in the research – Russia, the United States, China, and the European Union. It manifests itself in the concepts of comprehensive sovereignty, America First, dual circulation, and strategic autonomy respectively. These strategies are examined in relation to the transformation of the global order from US-led hegemonism towards polycentrism. The author draws attention to the interactions within the “quadrilateral” consisting of Russia, China, the EU and the US in order to demonstrate the emergence and dynamics of autonomization or regionalization, which is to be regarded as a dialectical moment in the globalization process towards glocalization and pragmatic polycentrism. The author concludes that the EU’s strategic autonomy is a positive feature, but requires the abandonment of Euro-Atlanticism, which thwarts restructuring the Eurasian macroregion in general, and settling Russia-Europe relations in particular.

Об авторе

Ladislav Zemánek
Charles University

Список литературы

1. Brands, H. (2021). The Emerging Biden Doctrine: Democracy, Autocracy, and the Defining Clash of Our Time. Foreign Affairs, June 29. URL: (accessed: 14.01.2022)

2. Bratersky, M. (2014). Transformation of Russia’s Foreign Policy. Russia in Global Affairs, 12(2), 54– 62.

3. Diesen, G. (2021). Russian Conservatism: Managing Change under Permanent Revolution. Rowman & Littlefield.

4. Fischer, S., & Timofeev, I. (2020). Alternative futures of EU-Russia relations in 2030. EUREN, November. URL: (accessed: 14.01.2022)

5. Gvozdev, N. K., & Marsh, C. (2014). Russian Foreign Policy: Interests, Vectors, and Sectors. CQ Press.

6. Hann, C. (2016). A Concept of Eurasia. Current Anthropology, 57(1), 1–27. DOI: 10.1086/684625

7. Kaczmarski, M. (2017). Two Ways of Influence-building: The Eurasian Economic Union and the One Belt, One Road Initiative. Europe-Asia Studies, 69 (7), 1027-1046. DOI: 10.1080/09668136.2017.1373270

8. Kendall-Taylor, A., & Shullman, O. (2021). China and Russia’s Dangerous Convergence. How to Counter an Emerging Partnership. Foreign Affairs, May 03. URL: (accessed: 14.01.2022)

9. Kortunov, A. (2021). Administratsiia Dzho Baidena i Rossiia (Administration of Joe Biden and Russia). Russian International Affairs Council. URL: (in Russian) (accessed: 14.01.2022)

10. Kotkin, S. (2001). Armageddon Averted: The Soviet Collapse, 1970-2000. Oxford University Press.

11. Lavrov, S. V. (2019). The World at a Crossroads and a System of International Relations for the Future. Russia in Global Affairs, 17(4), 8–18.

12. Lukin, A. (2018a). Putin’s Political Regime and Its Alternatives. Strategic Analysis, 42(2), 134-153. DOI: 10.1080/09700161.2018.1439331

13. Lukin, A. (2018b). China and Russia. The New Rapprochement. Polity Press.

14. Lukin, A., & Novikov, D. (2021). Greater Eurasia: From Geopolitical Pole to International Society? In G. Diesen, & A. Lukin (Eds.), The Return of Eurasia. Continuity and Change. Palgrave Macmillan, 33–78.

15. Lunacharskii, A. V. (1908). Religiia i sotsializm. 2 V. Shipovnik.

16. Pipes, R. (1974). Russia under the Old Regime. Charles Scribner’s Sons.

17. Romashkina, N. (2019). Informatsionnyi suverenitet ili pochemu Rossii nuzhna strategiia informatsionnoi bezopasnosti (Information Sovereignty or Why Russia Needs an Information Security Strategy). Russian International Affairs Council, August 06. URL: (in Russian) (accessed: 14.01.2022)

18. Sakwa, R. (2021). Sad Delusions: The Decline and Rise of Greater Europe. Journal of Eurasian Studies, 12(1), 5–18. DOI: 10.1177/1879366521999757

19. Sergunin, A. (2016). Explaining Russian Foreign Policy: Theory and Practice. Ibidem-Verlag.

20. Shakirov, O. (2020). The Future of U.S.–Russia Relations. Russian International Affairs Council. (accessed: 14.01.2022)

21. Shkoliar, N. (2021). Vneshniaia torgovlia Rossii: situatsiia pered novoi strategiei (Russia’s Foreign Trade: the Situation before the New Strategy). Russian International Affairs Council, April 19. URL: (in Russian) (accessed: 14.01.2022)

22. Schmitt, C. (2015). Der Begriff des Politischen. Text von 1932 mit einem Vorwort und drei Corollarien. Duncker & Humblot.

23. Suslov, D. (2021). Khrupkaia stabilizatsiia konfrontatsii: perspektivy otnoshenii Rossii i SShA posle sammita v Zheneve (Fragile Stabilization of the Confrontation: Prospects for Russia-US Relations after the Geneva Summit). Valdai, June 16. URL: (in Russian) (accessed: 14.01.2022)

24. Timofeev, I. (2021). Sanctions Against Russia: A Look into 2021. Russian International Affairs Council. P. 4. URL: (accessed: 14.01.2022)

25. Trenin, D. (2021). Russia’s National Security Strategy: A Manifesto for a New Era. Carnegie Moscow Center, July 06. URL: (accessed: 14.01.2022)

26. Tsygankov, A. P. (2014). The Strong State in Russia: Development and Crisis. Oxford University Press.

27. Zemánek, L. (2020). Belt & Road Initiative and Russia: From Mistrust Towards Cooperation. Human Affairs, 30(2), 199-211. DOI: 10.1515/humaff-2020-0019

28. Zemánek, L. (2021). Czech RussiaGate: Contemporary McCarthyism in Practice. China-CEE Institute, June 15. URL: (accessed: 14.01.2022)

29. Zemánek, L. (2021). Chastening Experience: Cooperation with Russia Fatal. China-CEE Institute, June 03. URL: (accessed: 14.01.2022)

30. Zhao, H., & Kortunov, A. (2020). The Coming Bipolarity and Its Implications: Views from China and Russia. Russian International Affairs Council, November 23. URL: (accessed: 14.01.2022)


Для цитирования:

. . Управление и политика. 2022;1(1):63-99.

For citation:

Zemánek L. Russia’s Sovereignty and Emergence of Pragmatic Polycentrism. Governance and Politics. 2022;1(1):63-99.

Просмотров: 383

Creative Commons License
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2782-7062 (Print)
ISSN 2782-7070 (Online)